ALTOONA, Iowa ― Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, a leading candidate for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination, got a warm welcome at a gathering of the United Food and Commercial Workers union at a casino in this Des Moines suburb. The International President of the UFCW, Marc Perrone, praised him as a “liberal lion” who had changed the debate on health care and economic policy. At the end of Sanders’ speech, the roughly 400 union members stood and applauded.
There was one problem, if you could call it that: Sanders wasn’t in Altoona. While Democratic candidates major (former Vice President Joe Biden) and minor (Colorado Sen. Michael Bennet) had flown to Iowa for the event, Sanders appeared from the living room of his family home in Burlington, Vermont, and delivered his speech via Skype.
As new polling suggests Sanders’ heart attack may harm his chances to win the nomination, his campaign is working to project normalcy, even as Sanders remains at home under doctor’s orders. Sanders is set to make his first public appearance outside of Vermont since the health scare on Tuesday night at the fourth Democratic presidential debate in the suburbs of Columbus, Ohio ― an appearance his campaign hopes will quiet doubts about whether he can win the nomination.
Sanders’ speech at the UFCW forum was his standard fare: He promised “Medicare for All,” a $15 minimum wage, doubling union membership in his first term, and floated the possibility of making the work week shorter. (Sanders’ friendly welcome from the UFCW crowd wasn’t a total surprise: The union represents his campaign staff.)
“You’ve proven no matter what may come, you’ll never shrink from a righteous fight,” Perrone said before Sanders spoke. “You’ve had a cardiac event, and you still wanted to be here with us.”
Sanders has made himself available to reporters multiple times in the past week and sat for an interview with ABC News on Sunday, hoping to continue to get his campaign’s message out, even if he’s unable to travel to the early states.
In a new HuffPost/YouGov survey, 88% of registered voters say they’ve heard at least a little about Sanders having a heart attack. The news appears to have taken a toll on perceptions of his health ― just 19% of voters say they believe he is in good enough physical condition to serve effectively as president for four years. By comparison, 43% believe former Vice President Joe Biden is in adequate health, with 53% saying the same of President Donald Trump and 66% of Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren.
Views of the candidates’ health are clearly, to some extent, motivated by politics: 85% of Republican and Republican-leaning voters consider Trump physically healthy enough to serve, while only a quarter of Democrats and Democratic-leaners say the same.
But even those on Sanders’ side of the aisle are expressing concerns. Just 28% of Democrats and Democratic-leaning voters say they think Sanders is in physical condition to serve effectively, compared to the 59% who say the same of Biden and the 81% who say the same of Warren.
More broadly, a 56% majority of voters say they believe Sanders’ age would make it difficult for him to serve effectively as president, with 44% saying the same of Biden, who was born the year after him. Only a third are similarly concerned about Trump’s age. Warren, perhaps helped by the fact that many voters believe her to be younger than she is, fared best on the metric, with just 16% saying her age would make it difficult for her to serve.
Polling that focuses specifically on the candidates’ age may overstate the degree to which voters are making their decisions on that basis. The electorate may not be pining for a septuagenarian president ― just 3% of Democrats say they’d consider that ideal, per one survey ― but that hasn’t stopped them from advancing a trio of candidates in their 70s to front-runner status against an incumbent of similar age.
There’s also potential room for specific worries about a candidate’s health to recede. In a 2016 Economist/YouGov poll taken after Hillary Clinton suffered a bout with pneumonia, only 45% of voters thought she was in physical condition to serve as president; within two weeks, however, that number had recovered to 52%, close to where she’d stood earlier in the campaign. (That same poll put confidence in Trump’s physical health in the mid-60s, significantly better than his current standing.)
Voters say, 64% to 22%, that it’s fair for the media to question a candidate’s physical health. They’re more divided on how much information candidates should be expected to provide about their health.
About half say candidates should publicly release all medical information that might affect their ability to serve, while 39% say the candidates should have the right to keep their records private. Democratic voters are more than twice as likely as GOP voters to say candidates should release all their medical information ― a reversal from 2016, when Republicans were the party more likely to favor such disclosure and to consider media scrutiny fair game.
Sanders’ campaign maintains that he will demonstrate his vitality on national television when he participates in Tuesday’s presidential debate in Westerville, Ohio. It is his first public appearance since the Oct. 1 hospitalization.
On the debate stage, said campaign spokesman Mike Casca, voters will see a “reinvigorated Bernie.”
“He will dispel any lingering concerns when he returns to his regular pace on the trail,” Casca added.
Sanders announced over the weekend that his first major campaign event since the heart attack will be a large “Bernie’s Back” rally on the East River waterfront in Queens, New York, on Saturday.
The rally, held in the same city where Warren drew her largest crowd of the campaign, follows a rocky period for Sanders’ as it has sought to quiet doubts about viability.
Sanders, who has been recovering at his home in Burlington, Vermont, told a group of reporters staking out his home on Tuesday that he would likely be slowing the pace of his campaign by, among other things, holding fewer than three or four events a day. A day later, he said he had “misspoke” and that he had no plans to decelerate the campaign.
But the campaign has said that Sanders’ error was tonal ― implying that the campaign would be less intense ― rather than substantively inaccurate. It has not taken back the part of his remarks where he said he would hold fewer daily events going forward. In response to a request for clarification from HuffPost, the campaign declined to detail the volume of Sanders’ future events, but said that Sanders would be careful not to overextend himself.
Indeed, Sanders and his aides often imply that adopting a lighter schedule would not affect the campaign’s performance, since he previously had one of the most packed schedules of any of the Democratic candidates.
“Nobody’s run a more vigorous campaign than Sen. Sanders ― often holding three or four rallies a day with town halls throughout ― and he was doing it all with a partially blocked artery,” Casca said.
Sanders vowed in mid-September that he would release his full medical records well before the Iowa caucus on Feb. 3. He has reiterated that commitment in the wake of his heart attack. In a Sunday interview with ABC News’ Jonathan Karl, he said merely that the campaign would be releasing them “as soon as we can.”
In the meantime, Sanders has been putting out a steady stream of digital content from his Burlington home designed to showcase his health. On Friday, Sanders released a video on social media showing him hitting baseballs pitched by deputy campaign manager Ari Rabin-Havt. The clip quickly racked up more than 500,000 views on Twitter.
And when Karl interviewed him on Sunday, he pitched to Sanders in the Vermont senator’s backyard. Karl subsequently took a shot at Sanders’ pitches.
“True ― I got shelled by a 78-year-old guy who just had a heart attack,” Karl wrote in an Instagram post capturing video of Sanders making contact on Karl’s pitch. “But check out Sanders on the mound.”
The HuffPost/YouGov poll consisted of 1,000 completed interviews conducted Oct. 8-10 among U.S. adults, using a sample selected from YouGov’s opt-in online panel to match the demographics and other characteristics of the adult U.S. population.
HuffPost has teamed up with YouGov to conduct daily opinion polls. You can learn more about this project and take part in YouGov’s nationally representative opinion polling. More details on the polls’ methodology are available here.
Most surveys report a margin of error that represents some but not all potential survey errors. YouGov’s reports include a model-based margin of error, which rests on a specific set of statistical assumptions about the selected sample rather than the standard methodology for random probability sampling. If these assumptions are wrong, the model-based margin of error may also be inaccurate. Click here for a more detailed explanation of the model-based margin of error.
Robillard reported from Iowa. Marans reported from New York. Edwards-Levy reported from Washington.